The famous spa town of Jeseník is situated in a basin that is hidden in the forests foothills of the Jeseníky Mountains. Its original name was Frývaldov, which means a place without forests. This is where a merchant route from Moravia to Silesia, protected by a still existing castle, was established in the Middle Ages. Vincenz Priessnitz, the founder of the famed local spa, is the most prominent native of Jeseník.
One of the most famous spas in the Czech Republic was founded in this place by coincidence. As a boy, Priessnitz watched a wounded doe dipping her limb in a spring well. When the doe stopped coming to the well after a while, Vincenz concluded that she had been healed. When Vincenz grew up and a cart of timber fell on him and broke his ribs, he applied cloths soaked in water and leaned against the back of a chair to bring his ribs back to their position. Priessnitz was healed, in spite of the doctors’ assumption that he would not survive the accident or would be crippled. This is how water therapy began.
In 1822, Priessnitz founded a water spa, where he cured people with cold and hot water and wraps. Famous people, such as the writer Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol and the composer Franz Liszt, came to the town. The spa has become a modern balneopark providing therapy with local water. The Priessnitz Educational Trail will take you through the spa premises.
Jeseník has become one of the most sought-after spas in the Czech Republic, and the spa atmosphere draws in many patients, tourists and visitors of the Jeseníky Mountains. The best points of interests include the stone monuments by the water springs, views, memorials and other locations that are a part of the Vital Water Educational Trail.