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Moravian-Silesian Region Official Travel Guide

Bohumín

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Bohumín has always been located in a strategic position. Today, it is a city on the border of the Czech Republic and Poland but after the Prussian wars, the border between Moravia and Prussia was located here. In the Middle Ages, crossroads of the Amber Trail and salt routes were found here. Merchants used to frequent this place because they were able to cross the Odra River here, as is evidenced by the construction of a bridge over the river dating back to the 15th century.

 
Under the reign of King Premysl Otakar II, the settlement was called Bogun and it was already quite a big village. Huge development occurred during the Industrial Revolution when Bohumín become one of the hubs connected by railroad. At the end of the 19th century, the estate was bought by Count Larisch-Mönnich and his descendants owned the town until the end of World War II.
 
The city is surrounded by beautiful scenery which, over thousands of years, has led to the creation of the confluence of the rivers Odra (Oder) and Olše (Olza) that are still flowing here today. You will find, for example, the Hraniční meandry Odry (the Odra meanders on the border), which is an important site for the observation of aquatic animals and plants. In the vicinity of the city, there are many bike paths which makes Bohumín a gateway to Ostrava and also Poland.
 
One of the most famous Czech explorers, Richard Konkolski, comes from Bohumín. The man who has won many ocean races and has completed a solo circumnavigation the globe three times, learned the basics of sailing on the nearby ponds.
 
Lovers of history can visit the historic centre of Bohumín featuring the Town Hall which is housed in a former school complex from the early 20th century. The chateau Šilheřovice, with one of the most famous golf courses in the country, is located nearby. Enthusiasts of military history here, as in many other places on the boundaries between the Czech Republic and Poland, will find several military forts and bunkers. The most famous, which is open to the public, is the Pevnost na trati (Fortress on the track).

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