The easternmost town in the Czech Republic of Jablunkov, forms the heart of the Těšínské Beskydy Mountains. The history of the town, which is situated at the confluence of the Olše (Olza) and Lomné rivers, dates back to the 15th century. At that time, the settlement was called "Jablum," a word formed from the Latin concept of the word "fee". Here, merchants used to pay customs fees for the use of the local trade routes. This ancient merchant route is located on the most suitable place for crossing the ridge of the Beskydy Mountains and is today known as Jablunkovský průsmyk (Jablunkov Pass).
Merchants have flowed through here since Roman times, transporting goods between the Baltic and the Mediterranean. The first inhabitants of this part of the mountains were shepherds and from this area of Jablunkova comes the ancient, now-extinct, breed of herding dog that was called "beskydský bundáš".
In Jablunkov, there is an historic square with a fountain and a statue of the Virgin Mary. The Town Hall was built in the Art Nouveau style. Jablunkov is a great base for exploring the region. Nearby for example, you can find the largest indigenous, old-growth forest in the Czech Republic- the forest Mionší, which is a popular spot for hiking trips as well as is the Devil's mills below the mountain Gírová.