Cieszyn and Czech Těšín are today two cities divided by the river Olša (Olza) into Czech and Polish sides. In fact, this is one city along the river and several bridges connect both banks and connect, especially, a shared past. The difference compared to other cities is that the lettering on one side of the river is in Czech and on the other side it is in Polish.
According to legend, this site was founded at the beginning of the 9th century by three brothers- the sons of a Prince from Leška: Bolek, Lešek and Těšek. The brothers are said to have gathered at the spring, which is still called Studna tří bratří (the Well of the Three Brothers), which is located in a side street off the square in the Polish part of the city.
The history of Cieszyn, however, is probably much older because the original city was founded in a place where you can find today the Castle Hill with Romanesque rotunda, an ancient well, the old tower from Piast times and, in particular, a beautiful view of the Beskydy Mountains. The origins of Těšín can also be traced to the nearby town of Chotěbuz where you will find 'Archeopark' which is an original Slavic settlement.
Today's Czech Těšín still exudes the atmosphere of an old, aristocratic settlement. It offers visitors a romantic stroll through the parks along the river Olša (Olza) around the original, merchants' villas. The local town hall in the conservation area of the Czech part of the city is worth visiting. If you want to soak up the atmosphere of Poland, just go across the river and visit the historic square in the Polish part of town with its many cafes and restaurants.
Czech Těšín is affiliated with the songwriter Jaromir Nohavica, who lived here for many years and many of his songs are dedicated to this area. An important native is also the famous actor, Jaromir Hanzlik.